Please read this page carefully. Although there are various ways to secure your Qdrant instances, they are unsecured by default. You need to enable security measures before production use. Otherwise, they are completely open to anyone
Available as of v1.2.0
Qdrant supports a simple form of client authentication using a static API key. This can be used to secure your instance.
To enable API key based authentication in your own Qdrant instance you must specify a key in the configuration:
service: # Set an api-key. # If set, all requests must include a header with the api-key. # example header: `api-key: <API-KEY>` # # If you enable this you should also enable TLS. # (Either above or via an external service like nginx.) # Sending an api-key over an unencrypted channel is insecure. api_key: your_secret_api_key_here
For using API key based authentication in Qdrant cloud see the cloud Authentication section.
The API key then needs to be present in all REST or gRPC requests to your instance. All official Qdrant clients for Python, Go, and Rust support the API key parameter.
curl \ -X GET https://localhost:6333 \ --header 'api-key: your_secret_api_key_here'
from qdrant_client import QdrantClient qdrant_client = QdrantClient( url="https://localhost", port=6333, api_key="your_secret_api_key_here", )
Available as of v1.2.0
TLS for encrypted connections can be enabled on your Qdrant instance to secure connections.
First make sure you have a certificate and private key for TLS, usually in
.pem format. On your local machine you may use
mkcert to generate a self signed
To enable TLS, set the following properties in the Qdrant configuration with the correct paths and restart:
service: # Enable HTTPS for the REST and gRPC API enable_tls: true # TLS configuration. # Required if either service.enable_tls or cluster.p2p.enable_tls is true. tls: # Server certificate chain file cert: ./tls/cert.pem # Server private key file key: ./tls/key.pem
For internal communication when running cluster mode, TLS can be enabled with:
cluster: # Configuration of the inter-cluster communication p2p: # Use TLS for communication between peers enable_tls: true
With TLS enabled, you must start using HTTPS connections. For example:
curl -X GET https://localhost:6333
from qdrant_client import QdrantClient qdrant_client = QdrantClient( url="https://localhost", port=6333, )
Certificate rotation is enabled with a default refresh time of one hour. This
reloads certificate files every hour while Qdrant is running. This way changed
certificates are picked up when they get updated externally. The refresh time
can be tuned by changing the
tls.cert_ttl setting. You can leave this on, even
if you don’t plan to update your certificates. Currently this is only supported
for the REST API.
Optionally, you can enable client certificate validation on the server against a local certificate authority. Set the following properties and restart:
service: # Check user HTTPS client certificate against CA file specified in tls config verify_https_client_certificate: false # TLS configuration. # Required if either service.enable_tls or cluster.p2p.enable_tls is true. tls: # Certificate authority certificate file. # This certificate will be used to validate the certificates # presented by other nodes during inter-cluster communication. # # If verify_https_client_certificate is true, it will verify # HTTPS client certificate # # Required if cluster.p2p.enable_tls is true. ca_cert: ./tls/cacert.pem